Klasici na steroidima

Dragi moji pingvinaši,

Iako se ljudi danas hvale konfiguracijama koje imaju, zlatno doba kućnih računara je bilo obeleženo velikim brojem periferija drugih proizvođača, koje su često pomerale granice originalnog dizajna.

Danas predstavljamo dve ekstremne verzije najpopularnijih računara, a zatim ronimo i ka manje poznatim Atarijima, Spektrumima, QL-ovima … šta god Vam duša ište

Top model Debeljka nije Commodore 128D već Commodore C65, prototipovan kasno, i konkurencija Amigi 500 pa nikada nije serijski proizveden.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mL4iX_iuBO8

Specifikacije su impresivne za 8-bit/16-bit hibrid

[SIZE=5]Technical specifications[edit][/SIZE]
[LIST]
[]The CPU[/URL] named [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_4510’]CSG 4510[/URL] R3 is a custom [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology’]CSG[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-10’][10][/URL] [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_65CE02’]65CE02[/URL] (a [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_6502’]MOS 6502[/URL] derivative), combined with two [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_6526’]MOS 6526 complex interface adapters (CIAs)
[
]3.54 MHz clock frequency (the C64 runs at 1 MHz)
[]A new VIC-III[/URL] [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphics_chip’]graphics chip named CSG 4567 R5, capable of producing 256 colors from a palette of 4096 colors; available modes include 320×200×256, 640×200×256, 640×400×16, 1280×200×16, and 1280×400×4 (X×Y×color depth, i.e. number of colors/bit planes)
[LIST]
[
]Supports all video modes of VIC-II
[]Textmode with 40/80 × 25 characters
[
]Synchronizable with external video source (genlock)
[]Integrated DMA[/URL] controller ([URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bit_blit’]bit blit)
[/LIST]
[
]Two CSG 8580R5 SID[/URL] [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_chip’]sound chips[/URL] producing [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereophonic_sound’]stereo sound (the C64 has one SID)
[LIST]
[]Separate control (left / right) for volume, filter and modulation
[/LIST]
[
]128 kB[/URL] [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random-access_memory’]RAM[/URL], expandable to 8 [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megabyte’]MB[/URL] using a RAM expansion port similar to that of the Commodore [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiga_500’]Amiga 500
[]128 kB ROM
[
]Heavily improved BASIC: Commodore BASIC 10.0 (the C64 has the relatively feature-weak BASIC 2.0, which was almost 10 years old by this time.)
[]One internal 3½" DS[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_density’]DD[/URL] [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floppy_disk’]floppy disk drive
[
]Keyboard with 77 keys and an inverted T directional cursor block
[/LIST]
[SIZE=4]Different views[edit]
Ports[edit][/SIZE]
Left side:

[LIST]
[]Power +5V DC at 2.2A and +12V DC at 0.85A[11]
[
]2× Control ports DE9M[11]
[/LIST]
Back:

[LIST]
[]Expansion port 50-pin[11]
[
]Serial bus[/URL] using [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DIN_connector’]6-pin DIN[/URL] for [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_1541’]1541[/URL]/[URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_1571’]1571[/URL]/[URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_1581’]1581[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11]
[]User port: parallel 24-pin (without 9V AC)[11]
[
]Stereo 2× RCA connector[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-rc_c65-12’][12][/URL] for left and right channel[URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11]
[]RGBA video DE9F[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11][/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-gallery_c65-13’][13]
[
]RF video[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11]
[]Composite video 8-pin DIN[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11]
[
]External fast floppy drive port - mini-DIN-8[/URL][URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_65#cite_note-zm_c65man-11’][11]
[/LIST]
Bottom flap:

[LIST]
[*]RAM expansion[11]
[/LIST]
Dimensions: ~ 46 cm wide, 20 cm deep, 5.1 cm high[11]

A postoji i FPGA rekreacija “Mega 65”


Kao najjači Amiga Classic računar, nije retka ESCOM Amiga4000T 060 već Nemački klon “DraKo”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4yxCFEy1EBk

Case Type: Full Tower (for original DraCo)
Cube (for DraCo Vision)
Processor: [email protected]
MMU: Internal
FPU: Internal
Chipset: Custom - Does not use a traditional Amiga chipset.
Kickstarts: Kickstarts: A two or one chip Amiga 3000 version 40.68 kickstart (despite some labels wrongly say it is a v40.63 rom), and an additional DraCo ROM (labeled U43 on the PCB)
Bus Controller: Unknown
Expansion Slots: 6 x 100 pin Zorro II slots (1 reserved for motherboard) These Zorro slots can operate in a special fast mode (twice the standart Zorro II speed). 4 x DraCoDirect32 slots (2 inline with Zorro, 1 “inline” reserved for motherboard)
Standard CHIP RAM: None - The DraCo’s memory is unified, it makes no distinction between Chip and Fast RAM. It always reports its graphics card video memory size (usually 4MB) as chipmem
RAM sockets: 4 x 72pin SIMM slots for upto 128MB of RAM (Original DraCo cannot use EDO, DraCo Vision (the Cube) can)
Hard Drive Controllers: 1 x SCSI-II controller that can sustain transfers of upto 9MB/s (NCR/Tolerant/Symbios 53C710 chip)
Drive Bays:

Cube:
4 x 5.25" (4 with faceplates)
8 x 3.5" (none with faceplates)

Expansion Ports: 1 x Serial 25 pin
1 x Parallel (only fully usable if Amiga cia chips are plugged into 2 sockets on the “Eltanin” motherboard
1 x 25pin External SCSI
1 x 9 pin PC serial mouse Port
1 x large PC/Amiga 2000/Amiga 3000 compatible 5pin DIN Keyboard Connector
1 x 15pin VGA connector
Floppy Drive: High density standart PC floppy drive. Can read Amiga floppies, but cannot write Amiga floppies. It also supports MS-DOS and DraCo specific formats in read & write mode.
Motherboard Revisions: Version 1.1 (nearly all big chips are socketed) and version 1.2 (a máximum of 6 big chips are socketed)
Battery Backed Up Clock: Yes, uses “Coin” shaped batteries

Atari … MIDI i DTP za narodne mase :slight_smile: Falkon[/URL] i [URL=‘http://www.atari-wiki.com/index.php/TT’]Atari TT [/URL]su mogli sjajno da se proshire i da “prebiju” osnovne i blago proširene modele Amiga i PC-jeva tog vremena a [URL=‘http://www.atari-wiki.com/index.php/Atari_Jaguar’]Atari Jaguar je bio odlična konzola.

Ključ su bili sjajni CT ubrzivači sa 68060 na tada čak 100 Mhz (Pentium I rejting oko 120Mhz)

CT60 - AtariForumWiki[/URL] proizveden od strane ACP [URL=‘http://acp.atari.org/news.html’]News
[B]- Socketed 68060 (with FPU & PMMU) at 66 MHz (upgradable to 100 MHz).

  • Bus CT60 at 66 MHz (upgradable to 100 MHz) : SDRAM & 060 BUS accesses.
  • SDRAM PC100/133 (CL2) at 66 MHz (upgradable to 100 MHz) with BURST accesses & page HIT on open banks.
  • 1 SDRAM PC-100/133 socket for 64 MB to 512 MB.
  • FLASH of 1MB with BOOT, 060 INIT, TOS4 + patchs. Can be easely updated !
  • Switch to commute between the 060 and the 030 of the Falcon.
  • 100% Falcon 030 mode available. The 68882 is available with the 030 mode.
  • Easy fitting WITHOUT SOLDERS in the original Falcon case, without the Falcon power supply that is replaced by an external standard ATX power supply (or into an ATX tower).
  • 060 Bus Slot for adding a daughter card (SuperVidel, PCI/USB, PowerPC, …).
  • OPTION to boost the Falcon mainboard with 6 wires to be soldered : DSP & VIDEL at 50 MHz, bus at 25 MHz. [/B]
    firebee.org
    Kako to deluje u praksi? (na Nemačkom)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9jthnP7wMY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jF19V7miM7Y

Međutim, Atari zajednica, slično Amigistima, iako sa “mrtvim vođom” nastavila je da se bori i van 060 …
Prvo su tu bile guze-meduz[/URL]e, Milanoi i [URL=‘http://www.atari-wiki.com/index.php/Hades’]Hadovi[/URL], a danas je aktivan projekat [URL=‘http://www.atari-wiki.com/index.php/Firebee’] “Vatrena pčela”[/URL] sa ciljem da prekompajlira 060 kod za [URL=‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freescale_ColdFire’]Motorola “ladnu vatru”, najbrže 68k procesore

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JYtuO8iPOQo

Postojao je jedan pokušaj prelaska na PowerPC, Tempest, ali relativno neuspešan.

Za one koji žele da emuliraju Atari, tu je uvek Hatari

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9a5iRC6ob90

Za ljubitelje “hadrvera pod rukom” - tu je Myst

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pu8-tKd-CZM

Coming Up Next: SuperSpectrum i nabudzeni SinclairQL

Pishite ako imate neke jos starije zelje - koliko su mogli da se prosire periferijama
jos stariji prvi modeli 8-bitnih računara (Galaksija, Oric …) ili retki modeli (recimo Acorn Archimedes, Sam Coupe …)

Možda i jeste deo ove teme ali ajd’ da prikažem (mada je rečeno u našim sredstvima javnog informisanja) projekat (po ko zna koji) THE©64 sa prenosivom (C64) konzolom na IndieGoGo kampanji :bookworm: https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/the-64-computer-and-handheld-console#/